PS:将原来的一篇文章拆开了,上篇是安装使用讲解,这篇是开发过程讲解。

以前使用dropbox的linux客户端备份VPS上的文件和数据,但是近来dorpbox在国内越来越难访问,加上dropbox本身的容量只有几G,于是有了自己动刀写一个网盘的客户端,首先想到的是百度网盘,2T的巨大容量肯定是够用了!

没想到这个决定却是悲剧的开始,按照百度PCS的API文档写了半天,没想到PCS开通居然审核了一周多还不通过! 联系客服,没想到他们的PCS API已经不审核新的申请了!再次吐槽下,你不审核,申请的时候就不能给个提示么!!! 遂放弃!

然后就想到了还是用金山快盘吧,前段时间刚被迅雷收购,速度方面应该是没有问题。找到金山快盘的官方开放平台,看了看文档似乎是…有点麻烦啊。不过本着有难度才有挑战的原则,还是开搞了。下面介绍下开发过程中遇到的一些问题。

首先就是快盘的授权机制,本来是不太复杂,但是它的授权流程签名并不支持PLAINTEXT明文文本格式,只支持了一个HMAC-SHA1加密方式。为了处理这个签名倒是走了一些弯路。

拿到授权token的过程可以总结为三歩走:

  1. 获取未授权的临时 token;
  2. 用户登陆并授权你的应用;
  3. 根据临时 token换取真实的 access_token。

图示如下:

授权流程

在每次请求中,下面几个参数是必须的

Name Required Type and Limit Description
oauth_consumer_key Y string 第1步的 consumer_key
oauth_signature Y string 本次请求的签名,生成方法请参考附录-签名生成算法
oauth_timestamp Y int 时间戳,正整数,和标准时间不超过5分钟
oauth_nonce Y string [ 0-9A-Za-z_ ]随机字符串,长度小于32字节。每次请求请使用不同的nonce

oauth_consumer_key可以在你创建应用的时候拿到,oauth_timestamp为标准的unix时间戳格式,oauth_nonce每次都生成一个随机数,这几个参数都非常好处理,主要就是oauth_signature这个费些周章。

官方的OAuth签名生成讲的比较具体,其实获取签名的方式也非常简单:

  • 计算串基
  • 根据串基按HMAC-SHA1获取签名并使用bash64和url_encode 转码

生成签名的时候,如果是申请request_token 那么HMAC_SHA1加密的key 就是你的consumer_secret+&,其他都是consumer_secret+&+oauth_token_secret!

Linux shell中处理url_encode 没有太好的办法,我索性就写了一个函数用sed处理了,代码如下:

#url encode
function url_encode
{

	url=$1
	echo -n $(echo -n "$url" | sed 's/\%/\%25/g'|sed 's/&/\%26/g' |sed 's/:/\%3A/g' |sed 's/\//\%2F/g'| sed 's/=/\%3D/g' |sed 's/ /\%20/g' |sed 's/@/\%40/g' |sed 's/+/\%2B/g' |sed 's/\*/\%2A/g')
	
}

拼接字符串基可归结为:请求方式&url_encode(请求URL)&(url_encode(参数1+参数2… ))

使用bash获取签名处理方法如下:

function get_signature
{
	method=$1
	url=$2
	data=$3
	token_secret=$4
	baseUrl="$1&$(url_encode "$2")&$(url_encode "$3")"
	signature=$(echo -n $baseUrl | openssl dgst -sha1 -binary -hmac "$APP_CONSUMER_SECRET&$token_secret" |base64)
	
	echo -n $(url_encode $signature)
}

有了签名,一切都简单了。按照官方开发文档上参数列表把其他必选的参数拼好就行了。

请求使用的curl,命令格式如下:

Curl –s –S –L –d “参数” “请求的URL” –o “本地缓存文件”

整个脚本的源码如下:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
#
# KuaiPan Uploader
#
#===========================================================================
# Copyright (C) 2014-2015 wangheng <wujiwh@gmail.com>
#
# This file is part of Kuaipan Uploader source code.
#
# Kuaipan Uploader is free software; you can redistribute it
# and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
# published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License,
# or (at your option) any later version.
#
# Kuaipan Uploader is distributed in the hope that it will be
# useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with Foobar; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
#===========================================================================

#===========================================================================
#     FileName: kuaipan_uploader.sh
#         Desc: API Doc is: http://www.kuaipan.cn/developers/document.htm
#       Author: wangheng
#        Email: wujiwh@gmail.com
#     HomePage: http://wangheng.org
#      Version: 1.0.1
#   LastChange: 2015-05-09 09:34:59
#      History:
#===========================================================================

#配置文件.
CONFIG_FILE=~/.kuaipan_upload.conf

RESPONSE_FILE="/tmp/resp_kuaipan"
COOKIE_FILE="/tmp/kuaipan.cookie"

Version="1.0.1"

#使用整个快盘此处填"kuaipan",使用应用目录填"app_folder"
ROOT_DIR="app_folder"

#这里改为你自己应用的consumer_key和consumer_secret_key
APP_CONSUMER_KEY="xc0kwh2EAKlTQqCd"
APP_CONSUMER_SECRET="6mnnfufVvWzPzOgb"

#授权相关
API_REQUEST_TOKEN_URL="https://openapi.kuaipan.cn/open/requestToken"
API_USER_AUTH_URL="https://www.kuaipan.cn/api.php?ac=open&op=authorise&oauth_token="
API_AUTH_TOKEN_URL="https://openapi.kuaipan.cn/open/accessToken"

#统计信息相关
API_ACCOUNT_INFO_URL="http://openapi.kuaipan.cn/1/account_info"
API_METADATA_URL="http://openapi.kuaipan.cn/1/metadata"

#上传、下载、删除
API_UPLOAD_REQUEST_URL="http://api-content.dfs.kuaipan.cn/1/fileops/upload_locate"
API_DOWNLOAD_URL="http://api-content.dfs.kuaipan.cn/1/fileops/download_file"
API_DELETE_FILE_URL="http://openapi.kuaipan.cn/1/fileops/delete"


Dependents="curl sed awk basename date grep tr od openssl base64"
CURL="curl" 

#检查程序的依赖项
for i in $Dependents; do
    which $i > /dev/null
    if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo -e "Error: $i Not Found"
        exit 1
    fi
done

#清理环境
if [ -f "$RESPONSE_FILE" ]; then
    rm -f $RESPONSE_FILE
fi

#==========通用方法========

function get_json_value()
{
	KEY=$1
	echo $(cat $RESPONSE_FILE| sed 's/ //g'| sed -n 's/.*'$KEY'":"\([a-zA-Z0-9\.\-\/:]*\)".*/\1/p')
}

#get unix timestamp
function unix_time
{
    echo $(date +%s)
}

#url encode
function url_encode
{
	url=$1
	echo -n $(echo -n "$url" | sed 's/\%/\%25/g'|sed 's/&/\%26/g' |sed 's/:/\%3A/g' |sed 's/\//\%2F/g'| sed 's/=/\%3D/g' |sed 's/ /\%20/g' |sed 's/@/\%40/g' |sed 's/+/\%2B/g' |sed 's/\*/\%2A/g')
	#echo -ne $(echo $url |tr -d '\n' |od -An -tx1 |tr '[a-z]' '[A-Z]' |tr ' ' \%)
}

#url decode
function url_decode
{
	url=$1
	echo -ne $(echo -n $url | sed 's/\\/\\\\/g;s/\(%\)\([0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]\)/\\x\2/g')"\n"
}

function get_signature
{
	method=$1
	url=$2
	data=$3
	token_secret=$4
	baseUrl="$1&$(url_encode "$2")&$(url_encode "$3")"
	signature=$(echo -n $baseUrl | openssl dgst -sha1 -binary -hmac "$APP_CONSUMER_SECRET&$token_secret" |base64)
	
	echo -n $(url_encode $signature)
}

function account_setup
{
	#1. 获取未授权的临时 token;
	DATA="oauth_consumer_key=$APP_CONSUMER_KEY&oauth_nonce=$RANDOM&oauth_signature_method=HMAC-SHA1&oauth_timestamp=$(unix_time)&oauth_version=1.0"
	oauth_signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $API_REQUEST_TOKEN_URL "$DATA")
	$CURL -k -s -S --globoff -L -G -d "$DATA&oauth_signature=$oauth_signature" "$API_REQUEST_TOKEN_URL" -o "$RESPONSE_FILE" 
    
	tmp_oauth_token=$(get_json_value 'oauth_token')
	tmp_oauth_token_secret=$(get_json_value 'oauth_token_secret')


	#2. 浏览器访问URL获取授权
	echo -ne "\nVisit this URL from your Browser, and login with your kuaipan account\n"
	echo -ne "\n --> $API_USER_AUTH_URL$tmp_oauth_token \n"
	echo -ne "\nPress enter when done...\n"
	read

	#3. 获取真实oauth_token
	DATA="oauth_consumer_key=$APP_CONSUMER_KEY&oauth_nonce=$RANDOM&oauth_signature_method=HMAC-SHA1&oauth_timestamp=$(unix_time)&oauth_token=$tmp_oauth_token"
	oauth_signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $API_AUTH_TOKEN_URL "$DATA" $tmp_oauth_token_secret)
	
	$CURL -k -s -S -L -G -d "$DATA&oauth_signature=$oauth_signature" $API_AUTH_TOKEN_URL -o "$RESPONSE_FILE"

	OAUTH_TOKEN=$(get_json_value 'oauth_token')
	OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET=$(get_json_value 'oauth_token_secret')

	if [ -n "$OAUTH_TOKEN" -a -n "$OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET" -a -n "$APP_CONSUMER_KEY" ]; then
            echo -ne "Congratulations!!! login succeed!\n"
            
            #Saving data
            echo "APP_CONSUMER_KEY:$APP_CONSUMER_KEY" > "$CONFIG_FILE"
            echo "APP_CONSUMER_SECRET:$APP_CONSUMER_SECRET" >> "$CONFIG_FILE"
            echo "OAUTH_TOKEN:$OAUTH_TOKEN" >> "$CONFIG_FILE"
            echo "OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET:$OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET" >> "$CONFIG_FILE"
            
            echo -ne "All saved as $CONFIG_FILE!\n\n"
        else
            echo -ne "Unfortunately!!! login failed! please retray or contact wujiwh@gmail.com for help! \n\n"
	fi

}

function account_relink
{
	echo -ne "Warrning: \nAre you sure? [y/n]y"
	read aw
	if [ "$aw" == "n" ];then
		echo -ne "Cancelled! \n"
	else
		rm -f "$CONFIG_FILE"
		account_setup
	fi
}

#========== First Setup ========== 
#先检查本地是否存在配置文件
if [ -f "$CONFIG_FILE" ]; then
      
    APP_CONSUMER_KEY=$(sed -n 's/APP_CONSUMER_KEY:\([a-zA-Z0-9]*\)/\1/p' "$CONFIG_FILE")
    APP_CONSUMER_SECRET=$(sed -n 's/APP_CONSUMER_SECRET:\([a-zA-Z0-9]*\)/\1/p' "$CONFIG_FILE")
    OAUTH_TOKEN=$(sed -n 's/OAUTH_TOKEN:\([a-zA-Z0-9\.]*\)/\1/p' "$CONFIG_FILE")
    OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET=$(sed -n 's/OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET:\([a-zA-Z0-9\.]*\)/\1/p' "$CONFIG_FILE")
    
    if [ -z "$APP_CONSUMER_KEY" -o -z "$APP_CONSUMER_SECRET" -o -z "$OAUTH_TOKEN" -o -z "$OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET" ]; then
        echo -ne "Cannot loading data from $CONFIG_FILE...\n"
        echo -ne "Please run [$0 relink] to retray! \n"
        exit 1
    fi
    
#新用户,获取Token并保存到配置文件
else
	account_setup
fi


#========= OAUTH API 功能实现 =========

function get_common_oauthdata
{
	echo "oauth_consumer_key=$APP_CONSUMER_KEY&oauth_nonce=$RANDOM&oauth_signature_method=HMAC-SHA1&oauth_timestamp=$(unix_time)&oauth_token=$OAUTH_TOKEN"
}

#获取用户信息
function account_info()
{
	OAUTH_DATA="oauth_consumer_key=$APP_CONSUMER_KEY&oauth_nonce=$RANDOM&oauth_signature_method=HMAC-SHA1&oauth_timestamp=$(unix_time)&oauth_token=$OAUTH_TOKEN"
	signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $API_ACCOUNT_INFO_URL "$OAUTH_DATA" $OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET)
	
	$CURL -k -s -S -G -L -d "$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" "$API_ACCOUNT_INFO_URL" -o "$RESPONSE_FILE"
	
	userName=$(sed -n 's/.*user_name":"\([a-zA-Z0-9\.\-\@]*\)".*/\1/p' $RESPONSE_FILE) 
	let quota_total=$(sed -n 's/.*quota_total":\([0-9]*\),.*/\1/p' $RESPONSE_FILE)/1024/1024/1024
	let quota_used=$(sed -n 's/.*quota_used":\([0-9]*\),.*/\1/p' $RESPONSE_FILE)/1024/1024/1024
	
	echo ""
	echo "User Name: $userName"
	echo "Total Quota: $quota_total GB"
	echo "Used Quota: $quota_used GB"
	echo ""
}

#文件上传
function file_upload
{
    local overwrite=$1
    local file_Local=$2
    local file_Remote=$3

    if [ -z "$file_Remote" ]; then
        file_Remote=$(basename "$file_Local")
    fi

	OAUTH_DATA=$(get_common_oauthdata)
	signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $API_UPLOAD_REQUEST_URL "$OAUTH_DATA" $OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET)
    $CURL -k -s -S -G -L -d "$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" "$API_UPLOAD_REQUEST_URL" -o "$RESPONSE_FILE"
	
    upload_url=$(get_json_value "url")"1/fileops/upload_file"
    #echo $upload_url

	OAUTH_DATA="oauth_consumer_key=$APP_CONSUMER_KEY&oauth_nonce=$RANDOM&oauth_signature_method=HMAC-SHA1&oauth_timestamp=$(unix_time)&oauth_token=$OAUTH_TOKEN&overwrite=$overwrite&path=$(url_encode $file_Remote)&root=app_folder"
    signature=$(get_signature 'POST' $upload_url "$OAUTH_DATA" $OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET)
    
    $CURL -k --progress-bar -i -o "$RESPONSE_FILE" -F "file=@$file_Local" "$upload_url?$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" 
    
    grep "HTTP/1.1 200 OK" "$RESPONSE_FILE" > /dev/null
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
        echo -ne "--Upload Success.\n"
    else
        echo -ne "--Upload Failed.\n"
        echo -ne "--Error occurred while uploading $file_Local.\n"
        exit 1
    fi   
    #cat $RESPONSE_FILE
}

#下载文件
function file_download
{
	local file_Remote=$1
	local file_Local=$2

    echo -ne "Begin to download $file_Remote...\n"
	OAUTH_DATA=$(get_common_oauthdata)"&path=$(url_encode $file_Remote)&root=$ROOT_DIR"
	signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $API_DOWNLOAD_URL "$OAUTH_DATA" $OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET)
    #$CURL -S -L -v -G -d "$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" "$API_DOWNLOAD_URL" -o "$file_Local"
    $CURL -L --compressed --progress-bar -G -D "$RESPONSE_FILE" -d "$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" "$API_DOWNLOAD_URL" --cookie-jar "$COOKIE_FILE" -o "$file_Local"
    rm -f $COOKIE_FILE

    grep "HTTP/1.1 200 OK" "$RESPONSE_FILE" > /dev/null
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
        echo -ne "--Download Success.\n"
    else
        echo -ne "--Download Failed.\n"
        exit 1
    fi   
}

#删除文件
function file_delete
{
	local file_Remote=$1

	OAUTH_DATA=$(get_common_oauthdata)"&path=$file_Remote&root=$ROOT_DIR"
	signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $API_DELETE_FILE_URL "$OAUTH_DATA" $OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET)
	$CURL -k -s -S -i -S -L -G -d "$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" "$API_DELETE_FILE_URL" -o "$RESPONSE_FILE"
	
	grep "HTTP/1.1 200 OK" "$RESPONSE_FILE" > /dev/null
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
        echo -ne "\033[0;32;1m--Delete Success.\033[0m\n"
    else
        echo -ne "\033[0;31;1m--Delete Failed.\033[0m\n"
        exit 1
    fi   
    echo ""
}

#显示文件夹信息,默认显示根目录
function show_list
{
	local remote_path=$1

	local metaUrl="$API_METADATA_URL/$ROOT_DIR/$remote_path"
	OAUTH_DATA=$(get_common_oauthdata)
	signature=$(get_signature 'GET' $metaUrl "$OAUTH_DATA" $OAUTH_TOKEN_SECRET)
    $CURL -k -s -S -G -L -d "$OAUTH_DATA&oauth_signature=$signature" "$metaUrl" -o "$RESPONSE_FILE"

    sed 's/,/\n/g' $RESPONSE_FILE|grep name|awk -F ':' '{print $2}'|tr -d '"'|tr "\n" "\t"|sed 's/$/\n/'
}

#=====================================

function usage() {
    echo -e "KuaiPan Uploader v$Version"
    echo -e "wangheng - wujiwh@gmail.com\n"
    echo -e "Usage: $0 COMMAND [PARAMETERS]..."
    echo -e "\nCommands:"
    
    echo -e "\t upload   [local file]  <remote file>"
    echo -e "\t download [remote file] <local file>"
    echo -e "\t delete   [remote file/remote dir]"
    echo -e "\t list     <remote dir>"
    echo -e "\t info"
    echo -e "\t relink"
    
    echo -en "\nFor more informations, please visit \033[0;32;1m http://wangheng.org.\033[0m \n\n"
    exit 1
}

#===============Main =================
COMMAND=$1

case $COMMAND in

    upload)

        file_Local=$2
        file_Remote=$3

        #检查本地文件是否存在
        if [ ! -f "$file_Local" ]; then
            echo -e "Error: Please specify a valid source file!"
            exit 1
        fi
                
        
        file_upload "True" "$file_Local" "$file_Remote"
        
    ;;

    download)

        file_Remote=$2 
        file_Local=$3  

        if [ -z "$file_Remote" ]; then
        	echo -ne "Error: Please input a valid remote file.\n"
        	exit 1
    	fi

        if [ -z "$file_Local" ]; then
            file_Local=$(basename "$file_Remote")
        fi
        
        file_download "$file_Remote" "$file_Local"
        
    ;;

       
    info)
    
		account_info
    
    ;;

    delete)

        file_Remote=$2    

        if [ -z "$file_Remote" ]; then
            echo -ne "Error: Please input a valid remote file.\n"
            exit 1
        fi

        file_delete "$file_Remote"

    ;;

    list)

        RemoteDir=$2
        if [ -z "$RemoteDir" ]; then
            RemoteDir="/"
        fi
        
        show_list "$RemoteDir"

    ;;
        
    relink)
        account_relink    
    ;;
            
    *)
        usage
    ;;

esac

 

项目开源在我的Githubhttps://github.com/wujiwh/kuaipan_uploader

欢迎大家多多交流~~

原创文章,请阅读页脚的许可方式,转载请注明: 转载自王恒的博客 [ https://wangheng.org ]

本文链接地址: https://wangheng.org/?p=95109

17条评论 在“kuaipan_uploader开发分享”

  1. Uranus_Zhou说道:

    我正在开发一个Chrome OS的快盘文件系统,快盘被迅雷收了之后论坛看起来像没人维护,博主的应用审核通过了?

  2. 大米网说道:

    很好的教程感谢

  3. 爱奇趣网http://www.iqiqu.net/? 路过留个言!

  4. 朱海涛博客说道:

    写的很好,支持一下

  5. 陈玟予说道:

    网站做的好棒哦

  6. 心伤的天堂说道:

    请教下博主,这个还能用吗?
    我每次都获取 不到token啥的

  7. 郑州SEO优化说道:

    这个还没研究过,有空试试

  8. 谙年博客说道:

    博主的文章很不错,希望多多交流!

  9. 新澳门银座说道:

    排版很好看,简单大方,个人很喜欢

  10. 澳门银座平台说道:

    学到了不少知识,支持楼主

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